Child smiling with a spoon in his mouth

Get an Early Start on Promoting Good Kid Eating Habits

Good kid eating habits start young. Kid’s hungry eyes are watching what adults eat. What do you do to help your child have a healthy relationship with food?

How many adults do you know who are always struggling what they eat. They want to eat things they know they shouldn’t and then feel guilty. This can lead to spiraling into over-eating or even binging when they feel they’ve “blown their diet.”

You can help your child avoid ever having to be “on a diet” by establishing healthy habits from the outset. This doesn’t mean they won’t have to “watch what they eat” at some point and perhaps even “cut back.” But these are adjustments we all have to make and can be done in a way that avoids the punishing feel of a diet.

One good way to foster good kid eating habits is to create a home environment full of good tasting, healthy food. Avoid soft drinks, salty snacks, cookies, and candy that don’t contribute to a healthy diet. By doing this, you don’t have to “police” what your child eats so closely, because most of what is available is good for them.

Of course this means that you must be willing to forgo many of the unhealthier foods yourself, which both sets a great example and helps you stick to healthier eating habits.

If you are parenting a toddler, consider reading the Sixty Second Parent article Toddler Eating Habits:A Diner’s Guide.

Help Your Child Enjoy Healthy Food Choices

Help your child get started on the right foot by learning to enjoy all kinds of food and particularly the healthier options. You can do this by exposing your child to a wide variety of food and modeling good dietary habits. Show an interest in trying new things. This creates an environment both at home and away from home that makes it easier for your child to make the healthy food choice.

If you turn up your nose at okra, chances are your child will pick up on this and develop a similar opinion. However, if you are always game and excited about trying something new, this will likely be “infectious” for your child.

Be especially careful not to box in your child with your comments.  When they are offered something new, avoid saying, “Oh, I don’t think she’s going to like that.” Research suggests that children may need to try a new food as many as 10 times before they begin to like it.

Don’t give up but don’t be too pushy either. Some parents find it works to ask their child to take a “no thank you serving.” This is a small bite of something they would rather not eat. But it still gives them an opportunity to taste it.

Be Aware of the Foods that Pile on Extra Calories

These days it’s way too easy to consume lots of calories and increasingly difficult to burn them off, even among children. An easy place to start avoiding this problem is with milk.

As your child approaches age 2, start gradually offering lower fat milk, such as 2%. Then work your way down slowly to skim. Do this as a family if you are not already drinking skim milk.

You’ll be surprised how people adjust to lower fat milk if you transition slowly. Once you start drinking skim milk on a regular basis, you may even find that whole milk tastes unpleasantly rich and fatty.

Soda is one of the biggest culprits when it comes to piling on the extra calories for both adults and children. Soft drinks provide only “empty calories” because they consist of entirely of sugar, water, and flavorings.

Research shows children who drink more than one soda, or other sugar sweetened beverages, gain extra weight. Think of these drinks as “liquid calories” that slide down too fast and too easy!

100% fruit juice may not be empty calories. Real fruit juice has vitamins and minerals as well as calories). However, calories can still add up quickly. Don’t use juice as a thirst quencher for your child. Use nice cold water instead.

Many forms of juice have as many or more calories than sodas. Go easy on the amount. Also choose water to spare the expense juice. When you do spend, buy the slightly more expensive 100% juice. Fruit drink contains mostly sugar. When you do give your child juice, offer only 6-8 oz for the whole day. They don’t call those small cups juice glasses for nothing!

Experience More about the Source Food and How to Prepare it

Children are fascinated by how food grows and how to prepare it. But they often don’t get much opportunity to see either of these things these days. Research and experience suggest that kids who work with others to help grow fruits and vegetables and cook them develop a lifelong taste for them.

Don’t forget to let kids try vegetables raw. Fresh crunchy vegetables are often more appealing to young children than soggy cooked ones. Just make sure to wait until they after past the high risk choking age. There are the usual carrots, broccoli, zucchini, that are good raw. But even things like turnips and sweet potatoes have a great fresh raw taste and crunch.

Take your kids to a Farmer’s Market so they can be a part of the festive atmosphere. They can meet the people who grow their food and participate in the fun. Let them know that taste testing that often happens at the markets. They’ll develop a new appreciation for fruits and vegetables.

Sixty Second Parent offers more expert information on creating healthy meal plans.

Alice Ammerman, DrPH RD, wrote this post. She is a Professor in the Department of Nutrition, UNC-Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health and School of Medicine, and Director, Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. It was edited for readability by Sixty Second Parent Editor Anne Oxenreider, MA, M.Ed.